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Physical Storage
BMBF
Electrolysis 30.8.2016

FAA-Anion Exchange Menbrane by FuMA Tech
© FZ Jülich

New membrane materials for PEM water electrolysis

In the MaPEI project researchers of Forschungszentrum Jülich combined

advantages of alkaline and PEM electrolysis by using anion exchange

membranes. Jointly with FuMA-Tech they developed novel high-performance membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) for alkaline PEM electrolysis.

Project status Project completed
Project duration July 2012 until June 2015

If water electrolysis technology, and in particular PEM electrolysis, are to be widely and sustainably used on the mass market for the storage of renewable energies after 2020, further steps must be taken to solve outstanding technical issues, such as improving low power densities and inadequate stability, as well as reducing the high costs associated with the technologies currently in use.

  • Membranes by FuMA Tech © FuMA Tech
  • The figure shows schematically the alkaline PEM electrolysis © FZ Jülich
  • The figure shows the PEM electrolysis at 20 to 100 °C. © FZ Jülich
  • The figure shows the alcaline electrolysis at 40 to 90 °C. © FZ Jülich
  • FAA-Anion Exchange Menbrane by FuMA Tech © FZ Jülich

The main challenges here are improving the chemical stability of existing membranes at higher temperatures, increasing the conductivity, and integrating the ionomer into the catalyst layers so that the alkali ions will no longer be needed in the electrolysis cycle. Another approach aims to develop membranes that are stable in alkaline solutions, and to use them to improve partial load toleration in conventional alkaline electrolysis and to increase the current densities.

Milestones

The project can be broken down into three phases:

  • membrane development and characterization
  • development of membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs)
  • testing of suitable MEAs in electrolysis operation.

Noble metals become dispensable

The use of anion exchange membranes avoids the application of noble metals like platinum and iridium, which are normally used in conventional PEM electrolysis because of high corrosiveness.
As the cost of noble metals together with the cost of separator plates and current collectors make up a significant proportion of the stack costs of a PEM electrolysis stack, the use of non-noble metals in the catalyst layer will reduce the investment costs associated with an electrolysis plant.

Sub-projects

Membrane development: In this sub-project, membranes that are stable in alkaline solutions and anion exchange membranes will be developed that are characterized by a high alkaline stability at high temperatures and pressures as well as a low surface resistance and low gas crossover.  

MEA development:  In this sub-project, these novel membranes will be used to develop and fabricate membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) that are characterized by higher performance data and an expanded partial load range compared to conventional alkaline electrolysis.

Supported by: The Federal Government on the basis of a decision by the German Bundestag

Dates

no news in this list.

Addresses

Coordinator
  • Dr. Wiebke Lüke
    Forschungszentrum Jülich - Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung (IEK-3)
Other Addresses

Infobox

Research funding

The information system EnArgus provides information on research funding, including on this project (German only).